Mons: Belgian city plans to strut its stuff as European Capital of Culture
Imagine walking down a sidewalk and seeing what appear to be hundreds of books flying out of the second-story window of a university building.
Or wandering through a maze of 8,000 sunflowers.
How about taking part in a 16th-century banquet in a European chateau of the same vintage?
If you go to Mons, Belgium, next year, you’ll discover all this and more as the city launches a host of events to celebrate its status as cultural capital of Europe. (Mons is one of two cultural capitals selected by members of the European Commission for 2015; the other is Plzen, Czech Republic.)
Founded on a hilltop in the seventh century, Mons boasts a stunning cathedral, a Baroque belfry and a large and lively main square.
But Mons is best known as a place scarred by war. Germans occupied the city for four years during World War I, and it was shelled heavily during World War II. Memorial tourism has been the main draw for visitors. That will change in 2015.
“Mons is a city of revival, of energy,” Marie Noble, deputy artistic commissioner of Mons 2015, told journalists when the year’s cultural program was recently unveiled.
Here’s some of what’s in store for visitors.
Vincent van Gogh
Before Vincent van Gogh began to paint, he lived in the coal-mining region that’s now part of the larger municipality of Mons. It was here, in the area known as the Borinage, that van Gogh gave up his dream of being a pastor to become an artist.
One of the major exhibitions of Mons 2015 is “Van Gogh in the Borinage: The Birth of an Artist.” The exhibit is curated by Sjraar Van Heugten, former director of collections at the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. It includes some 70 paintings from international collections, drawings and seven original letters from van Gogh. Van Heugten says no previous exhibit has examined so extensively the beginning of van Gogh’s career as an artist in the Borinage.
“Van Gogh set out with ideas that he remained true to for the rest of his career,” he said. “It shows a remarkable mind-set and determination, and we see themes in his career that last from the first days to the very last.”
The exhibit runs Jan. 25 to May 17 at the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Mons.
Film buffs won’t want to miss an exhibition (Feb. 21 to May 17 at the Frigo des Anciens Abbatoirs) that recalls the 1955 shooting of “Lust for Life” by Hollywood director Vincente Minnelli and starring Kirk Douglas as van Gogh. The movie was shot in the Borinage using locals as extras.
Local historian Filip Depuydt takes guests on a fascinating two-hour walking tour (vangoghborinage.canalblog.com) of the neighborhoods where van Gogh lived and preached, and where he went underground to observe the horrible conditions miners worked in. Included is a stop at van Gogh’s former home in Colfontaine, now being restored as an artists’ retreat. It’s where he wrote letters to his brother Theo, including the one from Boxing Day 1878 in which he said, “I cannot tell you how picturesque the hilly countryside looks in the thaw, now that the snow is melting and the black fields with the green of the winter wheat are again becoming visible.”
Van Gogh also would have been familiar with the Grand-Hornu, another former coal mine in the area, and now a UNESCO World Heritage site, that is unusual for its stunning neoclassical architecture. Some of the scenes from “Lust for Life” were shot here.
And that maze of 8,000 sunflowers in the main square in Mons? It’s also a tribute to van Gogh, of course, and will be staged the last week of July.
Next year marks the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo, where Napoleon was defeated, about 12 miles south of Brussels.
Napoleon’s reign and legacy are fodder for two exhibitions at Mons 2015. The first, “One Number, One Destiny. At the Service of Napoleon,” looks at conscription and the social and cultural changes brought about by the French ruler (June 13-Sept. 27 at the Mons Memorial Museum). The second exhibition, “Bonaparte, Protector of the Arts,” which opens Sept. 21 at Mons’ Musée Francois Duesberg, features many works made at his imperial factories.
Organizers of Mons 2015 want to surprise visitors with art spilling onto the streets. They have invited artists from around the world to make their mark on the city. Case in point: “River of Books,” an installation by Spanish artist Alicia Martin. An avalanche of books cascades out a window at the University of Mons, prompting passersby to reflect on the future of knowledge in a digital age.
Music, theater, dance
For a city of fewer than 100,000 people, Mons has a surprisingly solid reputation in the performing arts, based partly on its two annual festivals. In 2015 the VIA Festival (March 12-25) will celebrate cinema in all forms,by screening, among other films, the dance-thriller “Radioscopies” and “Children of Nowhere,” a documentary about a mining village in Chile that became a detention camp under dictator Augusto Pinochet.
Festival Au Carré (June 28 to July 11) will take people on some wild adventures, including an all-night theatrical presentation of “The Seven Tragedies of Sophocles” and a musical theater production by Italian director Marco Martinelli featuring a 150-member choir.
Belgium is known for its waffles, frites and beer, but Mons 2015 will have something for everyone’s tastes and wallets, including a 16th-century banquet, mystery meals for 200 people at secret locations and trendy canteens such as Cafe Europa, where technology and gastronomy come face to face and where prices will be “accessible and democratic,” according to organizers.
Suzanne Morphet is a freelance writer who lives in Victoria, British Columbia.
Getting there: By train: About one hour, 20 minutes from Brussels; sncb.be/mons2015. By car: Mons is connected by the E19/E42 highways in Belgium, exit 24.
Accommodations: The Dream Hotel is in a renovated church in the historic heart of Mons. Large rooms with soaring ceilings, an elegant restaurant and spa all retain the charm of this historic property. Single and double bedrooms begin at 65 euros; dream-mons.be/fr
Food: Try Vilaine Fille, Mauvais Garcon (Naughty Girl, Bad Boy), a one-minute walk from the Grand Place on the Rue de Nimy. Tasty, contemporary food in a renovated 18th-century building. Open for lunch and dinner; vilainefillemauvaisgarcon.be
Information: A new tourism information site opens in the Grand-Place in Mons in December, 2014. Telephone: (+32) (0)65 39 59 39 or firstname.lastname@example.orgPhone (+32) (0)65 39 59 39; website: www.mons2015.eu